About this Survey
Formation of Soils
General Nature of the Area
General NatureArea History
General Soil Map Units
General Soil Map Units1. Liberal-Collinsville-Barco association2. Parsons-Barden association3. Barco-Collinsville association4. Hector-Bolivar association5. Mine pits and dumps association6. Creldon-Carytown-Parsons association7. Nixa-Lebanon association
Askew SeriesBarco SeriesBarden SeriesBolivar SeriesBreaks-Alluvial LandBronaugh SeriesCarytown SeriesCherokee SeriesCleora SeriesCollinsville SeriesCreldon SeriesHector SeriesHepler SeriesKeeno SeriesLanton SeriesLebanon SeriesLiberal SeriesMine Pits and DumpsNewtonia SeriesNixa SeriesParsons SeriesRadley SeriesSummit Series
SOIL SURVEY OF BARTON COUNTY MISSOURI
Settlement and Population
Barton County was organized in 1857. It was formerly
the northern part of Jasper County. Before it was organized,
and for a short time afterwards, Osage and Sac
Indians hunted over the area. Settlers moved in from
time to time, grazed cattle, grew a few acres of corn.
flax, and tobacco, and then moved on. Drovers grazed
cattle in the area as they moved their herds from the
south and west to markets in St. Joseph and Kansas City.
In some years the cattle were wintered in the area.
Although the first settlers came to Barton County in
about 1838, permanent settlement did not begin until
1860. The population increased slowly during the Civil
War and for a number of years afterward. The generally
peaceful Osage and Sac Indians were moved to reservations
in the Oklahoma Territory.
Farming and surface strip mining of coal
quickly became the two most important industries. Coal mining,
like farming, stimulated the economy and brought people
to the comity. Trunklines to the coal fields to carry
the coal to market were provided, and people came from
far and near to work in the mines. By 1880 the population
was 10,330. Many of the miners were emigrants from
foreign countries, and Barton County became a melting
pot. A population peak of 18,504: was reached in 1890.
Near the turn of tlie century, the cost of mining began
to rise steadily and the demand for coal dropped because
of competition from the oil and gas industries. Mines
began to shut down, and unemployment and depression
followed. Many people left the county. By 1910, the
population of the county was 16,747. Mining continued
to decline but remained an important industry until the
great depression of the 1930's. Today coal mining is at a
standstill. Mindcnmincs, Burgess, and other towns that
were booming mining centers are now small, quiet towns
or villages. Others have disappeared entirely. Recently
a major plan lias been undertaken to mine coal from
Barton County and use it in an electric generating plant
located in nearby Jasper County.
The population trend lias been downward, beginning
with the decline in coal mining. Farming is thriving,
but fewer farmers arc needed to produce more food. The
trend is toward a smaller number of larger farms. Population
in the county is likely to decrease for a few years
and then stabilize at about 10,000 persons. Most of tlic
children reared in the county move to cities to join the
nation's labor force:: however, the average age of farm-ers
Hughes, H.E. 1974. Soil Survey of Barton County, Missouri. USDA-SCS. U.S. Gov. Print. Office, Washington, DC.