About this Survey
Formation of Soils
General Nature of the Area
General NatureArea History
General Soil Map Units
General Soil Map Units1. Liberal-Collinsville-Barco association2. Parsons-Barden association3. Barco-Collinsville association4. Hector-Bolivar association5. Mine pits and dumps association6. Creldon-Carytown-Parsons association7. Nixa-Lebanon association
Askew SeriesBarco SeriesBarden SeriesBolivar SeriesBreaks-Alluvial LandBronaugh SeriesCarytown SeriesCherokee SeriesCleora SeriesCollinsville SeriesCreldon SeriesHector SeriesHepler SeriesKeeno SeriesLanton SeriesLebanon SeriesLiberal SeriesMine Pits and DumpsNewtonia SeriesNixa SeriesParsons SeriesRadley SeriesSummit Series
SOIL SURVEY OF BARTON COUNTY MISSOURI
5. Mine pits and dumps association
Large trenchlike pits and irregularly shaped dumps consisting
of a mixture of shale, sandstone, and soil stripped
This association consists of Mine pits and dumps that
are in two large areas in a nearly continuous strip along
the Kansas State line. The association occupies about 3
percent of the county.
Mine pits and dumps make up 82 percent of the association,
and soils of the Parsons, Barden, Liberal, Collinsville,
and Barco series make up most of the remaining 18 percent.
Mine pits and dumps appear to have been plowed with
a gigantic plow; the dumps resemble furrow slices, and
the elongated pits are like dead furrows. The steep, irregularly
shaped dumps are a mixture of shale, sandstone,
and the original mantle of soil that was stripped from the
coalbeds. In some places large sandstone rocks litter the
surface. Surface runoff is rapid. The plant cover is poor
and provides little protection from erosion. Consequently,
erosion continues at a very rapid rate. Low areas are
ponded or seepy.
Each of the minor soils in the association is described
in at least one other association in this soil survey.
In most places the dumps are scantily covered with
brush, weeds, and undesirable grasses. Only a small part
of their acreage is in native or improved tame grasses.
Most of these areas are suitable for grazing, wildlife food
and cover, and recreation, and they are used for these
purposes. Susceptibility to erosion and a lack of easy
access are major factors that limit the use of these areas.
Clearing brush, smoothing the dumps, and seeding
them to adapted grasses, trees, and shrubs improve the
suitability of the dumps for wildlife, recreation, grazing,
and woodland and for growing Christmas trees.
Hughes, H.E. 1974. Soil Survey of Barton County, Missouri. USDA-SCS. U.S. Gov. Print. Office, Washington, DC.