About this Survey
Formation of Soils
General Nature of the Area
General NatureArea History
General Soil Map Units
General Soil Map Units1. Liberal-Collinsville-Barco association2. Parsons-Barden association3. Barco-Collinsville association4. Hector-Bolivar association5. Mine pits and dumps association6. Creldon-Carytown-Parsons association7. Nixa-Lebanon association
Askew SeriesBarco SeriesBarden SeriesBolivar SeriesBreaks-Alluvial LandBronaugh SeriesCarytown SeriesCherokee SeriesCleora SeriesCollinsville SeriesCreldon SeriesHector SeriesHepler SeriesKeeno SeriesLanton SeriesLebanon SeriesLiberal SeriesMine Pits and DumpsNewtonia SeriesNixa SeriesParsons SeriesRadley SeriesSummit Series
SOIL SURVEY OF BARTON COUNTY MISSOURI
1. Liberal-Collinsville-Barco association
Shallow to moderately deep, moderately well drained to
well drained, gently sloping to moderately steep soils of
the uplands; formed under grass in sandstone and shale
In this association are nearly all of the watershed areas
of Dry Wood Creek and about 30 percent of the western
upper reaches of Little Dry Wood Creek. The high, wide
divides and low benches are not in this association. The
landscape in most places is characterized by somewhat
broken, gently sloping, rounded divides that have sloping
or moderately steep sides and are adjacent to the stream
valleys. In some places one or more large mounds surrounded
by gentle foot slopes and nearly level benches
are common (fig. 2). Most of this association is in the
northwestern part of the county. The association occupies
about 10 percent of the county.
Liberal soils make up about 28 percent of the association;
Collinsville soils, 28 percent; Barco soils, 24 percent;
and Parsons, Barden, and Summit soils, 10 percent.
The remaining 10 percent of the association is mostly Eadley, Verdigris, and Hepler soils on bottom lands.
Liberal soils arc moderately well drained and have a
surface layer of very dark grayish-brown heavy silt loam
about 7 inches thick. The subsoil is silty clay loam in the
upper part and silty clay in the lower part. It is mottled
brownish, reddish, and grayish. Depth to shale is 40 to 60 inches.
The Collinsville soils are well drained and have a surface
layer of dark-brown fine sandy loam 10 inches thick.
The subsoil is dark yellowish-brown gravelly fine sandy
loam about 3 inches thick. Depth to bedded sandstone is
less than 20 inches. These soils are stony in places. Bedrock
crops out in some areas of both the nonstony and
stony Collinsville soils.
Barco soils are well drained and gently sloping. The
surface layer is very dark brown loam about 11 inches
thick. The mottled, brownish, friable subsoil ranges from
loam to sandy clay loam. Depth to bedded sandstone is 20 to 40 inches.
Parsons, Barden, and Summit soils are nearly level or
gently sloping on benches and foot slopes near drainageways.
Moderately well drained Radley and Verdigris soils
are in low, narrow meander belts near stream channels.
The somewhat poorly drained IIepler soils are on the
higher and somewhat wider flood plains.
Considerably more than one-half of this association is
in native grass or improved tame grass and is used for
hay or pasture. Stony areas of Collinsville soils are idle or
are used for pasture. Small grain and, to a lesser extent,
sorghums, corn, and soybeans are grown on a large
acreage. General livestock and grain farming are the main
enterprises in this association.
Most of the soils of the uplands and bottom lands are
medium or low in fertility, and the bottom lands are subject
to occasional or frequent overflow. Erosion and
droughtiness in the uplands and wetness in the bottom
lands are major limitations to the use of the soils in this
association. A major part of the vast strip-mined areas
in the county was in this association before it was stripped
Hughes, H.E. 1974. Soil Survey of Barton County, Missouri. USDA-SCS. U.S. Gov. Print. Office, Washington, DC.